Protect The Common Good & Defend Your Mind Against Propaganda With Awareness
Information that is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, which may not be objective and may be presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented. Propaganda is often associated with material prepared by governments, but activist groups, companies, religious organizations, the media, and individuals can also produce propaganda. (Ref: wikipedia.org - Propaganda)
Propaganda Extended Definitions:(wikipedia Propaganda-Techniques)
1) The deliberate, systematic attempt to shape perceptions, manipulate cognitions, and direct behavior to achieve a response that furthers the desired intent of the propagandist
2) Propaganda in the broadest sense is the technique of influencing human action by the manipulation of representations. These representations may take spoken, written, pictorial or musical form.
Propaganda is understood as a form of manipulation of public opinion and is a special form of communication.
Manipulation and Media:
Common media for transmitting propaganda messages include news reports, government reports, historical revision, junk science, books, leaflets, movies, social media, radio, television, and posters. In the case of radio and television, propaganda can exist on news, current-affairs or talk-show segments, as advertising or public-service announcement "spots" or as long-running advertorials. Propaganda campaigns often follow a strategic transmission pattern to indoctrinate the target group. This may begin with a simple transmission such as a leaflet dropped from a plane or an advertisement. Generally these messages will contain directions on how to obtain more information, via a web site, hot line, radio program, etc. The strategy intends to initiate the individual from information recipient to information seeker through reinforcement, and then from information seeker to opinion leader through indoctrination.
A number of techniques based on social psychological research are used to generate propaganda. Many of these same techniques can be found under logical fallacies, since propagandists use arguments that, while sometimes convincing, are not necessarily valid.
Some techniques are categorized, analyzed and interpreted psychologically, within Political Psychology, especially Mass Psychology, Social Psychology, and Psychology of Cognition, which analyzes cognitive distortions. With regard to political and military conflicts, propaganda is seen as part of psychological warfare and information warfare, which gain particular importance in the era of hybrid warfare and cyberwarfare.
Types of Propaganda: HT Conserva organizes 89 propaganda techniques into seven different types.
1. Logical Fallacies
2. Diversion & Evasion
3. Appealing to Emotions
4. Using Falsehoods & Trickery
5. Playing on Human Behavioral Tendencies, Mental Capacities & Processes
6. Speaking or Writing Styles
Specific Propaganda Techniques: